Grammar – -ed and -ing adjectives


What are ed and ing adjectives?

Some adjectives can end in ed or ing. Which ending they have changes what they mean. For example

 Sarah is very bored

This means that Sarah feels bored.

 Micheal thinks gold is boring

This means that golf makes Michael feel bored.

 Everyone in the class was tired

This means that all of the people in the class felt tired.

 The exercise Maria did was very tiring

This means that the exercise Maria did made her feel tired.

 When do I use ed and when do I use ing?

Use an ed adjective when you want to describe how you or someone else feels.

Use an ing adjective when you want to say what makes you or someone else feel something

Football is exciting When I watch it I feel excited.

Just remember – ed makes you ing!

  • If something is boring it makes you bored.
  • If something is exciting is makes you excited.
  • If something is tiring it makes you tired.
  • If something is confusing it makes you confused.

Common ed and ing adjectives

ed ing
excite excited exciting
bore bored boring
please pleased pleasing
disappoint disappointed disappointing
frighten frightened frightening
surprise surprised surprising
annoy annoyed annoying
worry worried worrying


-ed and -ing adjectives

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